Male to Female Surgery in Mumbai - Gender Reassignment

In recent years, the field of transgender healthcare in India has made significant strides, offering transformative opportunities for individuals seeking to align gender identity with their physical appearance. 

Embarking on the path of gender transition is a profoundly personal and courageous decision. For individuals who identify as transgender women, one significant step in their journey is male-to-female (MTF) surgery.

Finding a skilled surgeon who can navigate this journey with sensitivity and expertise is crucial. Dr. Vinod Vij stands out as a respected name in the field of plastic surgery in Mumbai, India. He has gained immense recognition for his surgical skills and compassionate approach. 

With over 28 years of experience as a renowned plastic surgeon in Mumbai, Dr. Vinod Vij has dedicated his career to helping individuals achieve their desired gender identity through advanced surgical techniques.


He ensures patients seeking male-to-female surgery in Mumbai receive the highest standard of care and achieve desired aesthetic and functional outcomes.

Through this article, we aim to provide valuable insights into the process of male-to-female transformation surgery.

So, let’s see,

Steps Involved in Male to Female Conversion Surgery

The complete process of gender reassignment surgery male to female involves several procedures. Here is a brief overview of the typical steps involved:

  1. Initial Consultation: 

The journey begins with an initial consultation with a surgeon who specializes in transgender surgery male to female.

During this consultation, the surgeon will evaluate the patient’s overall health, discuss their goals and expectations, and explain the available surgical options. This is an opportunity for the patient to ask questions, address concerns, and establish a realistic treatment plan.

  1. Hormone Therapy: 

Before surgery, many transgender women undergo hormone therapy to promote the development of feminine secondary sexual characteristics. 

Hormone therapy typically involves oestrogen and anti-androgens to induce breast development, reduce facial and body hair growth, and create a feminine body shape.

3. Facial Feminization Surgery (FFS):


Facial feminization surgery focuses on altering facial features to create a more feminine appearance. It may involve the following procedures:

  • Chin Lift: This procedure helps reshape and reposition the chin to create a feminine and softer contour. 
  • Rhinoplasty: Commonly known as a nose job, this surgery involves reshaping the nose to achieve a more feminine aesthetic. Dr. Vinod Vij is one of the best rhinoplasty surgeons in Mumbai. He has performed many rhinoplasty procedures with the expected outcomes.
  • Lip Lift: This surgery involves shortening the distance between the upper lip and the base of the nose. It helps create a more pronounced and aesthetically pleasing upper lip. 
  • Lowering Hairline: Surgeons perform hairline-lowering surgery for individuals with a high hairline. This procedure involves adjusting the position of the hairline by lowering it, giving a more feminine frame to the face.
  • Under Eye Surgery: This procedure targets the lower eyelids to reduce the appearance of puffiness, dark circles, or excess skin. 
  • Redesigning Hairline: It may involve techniques such as hair transplant or hairline advancement surgery. These procedures help create a more feminine hairline, allowing for versatile hairstyles and enhancing the overall facial appearance.
  • Recontouring of Forehead: It involves reshaping the forehead to achieve a more rounded and feminine appearance. 
  • Shortening of Ear: Otoplasty, or ear surgery, can be performed to reduce the size or prominence of the ears. In MTF surgery, the focus may be on achieving a more delicate and feminine ear shape by shortening the earlobe or adjusting the ear position.
  • Tracheal Shaving: Also known as tracheal cartilage reduction, it is a procedure that reduces the prominence of Adam’s apple. This surgery helps create a smoother neck contour.
  1. Breast Augmentation:

It involves the placement of breast implants to enhance the size and shape of the breasts. The surgeon will discuss various implant options, such as saline or silicone, and determine the most suitable approach based on the patient’s body type and desired outcome.

  1. Genital Reconstruction Surgery(Vaginoplasty): 

Vaginoplasty is a surgical procedure that transforms the male genitalia into a neovagina. This complex procedure involves the creation of a vaginal canal, clitoral hood formation, and labiaplasty. The surgical technique may vary depending on the surgeon’s expertise and the patient’s preferences.

  1. Post-Surgery Recovery and Care: 

After the surgical procedures, patients will require a period of recovery and follow-up care. The surgeon will provide detailed instructions on post-operative care, including wound care, pain management, and any necessary lifestyle modifications. 

During follow-up appointments, the surgeon will monitor healing progress and address any concerns or complications that may arise.

It is important to note that the complete process may vary from person to person, as the procedures are customized based on individual needs and goals. 

Now, let’s discuss,

Male to Female Surgery Cost in Mumbai

  • The cost of male-to-female surgery in Mumbai can range from INR 5,00,000to INR 15,00,000 or more. However, it is essential to note that these figures are approximate and can vary based on individual circumstances.
  • Male to female surgery costs in Mumbai may vary depending on factors such as the specific procedures involved, the surgeon’s experience and reputation, the clinic or hospital chosen, and additional services required during the surgical journey. 
  • When considering the transgender surgery male to female cost, it is crucial to understand that the expenses may cover various aspects such as:
    1. pre-operative consultations
    2. surgical fees
    3. anesthesia charges
    4. hospital or clinic fees
    5. post-operative care
    6. medications and follow-up appointments

Male to Female Surgery Result

Male to female bottom surgery results can be life-changing and highly satisfying for individuals seeking gender affirmation. The surgical procedures involved in male to female conversion surgery aim to align physical features with a person’s gender identity. 

The outcome of male to female transformation surgery can vary depending on individual factors, surgical techniques, and the surgeon’s expertise. 

However, with skilled surgeons and advanced techniques, many individuals experience significant improvements in their physical appearance. This leads to increased self-confidence, improved body image, and a sense of authenticity. 

Having realistic expectations and working closely with the surgical team to achieve the desired outcome and ensure a successful transformation is essential. 

Regular follow-up appointments and post-operative care also play a crucial role in achieving optimal results and long-term satisfaction.

Let’s look at the,

Male To Female Surgery Complications

Like any surgical procedure, gender reassignment surgery male to female carries potential risks and complications. Here are some common complications that may occur:

  1. Risk of infection and scarring at the surgical site.
  2. Poor wound healing.
  3. Temporary or permanent loss of sensation or function in specific areas.
  4. Excessive bleeding during or after surgery.
  5. Risk of Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT)and Pulmonary Embolism (PE).
  6. Unsatisfactory aesthetic results.

It is important to note that complications can vary among individuals. With proper medical care and follow-up, one can manage these complications effectively. 

Dr Vinod Vij, a highly skilled and experienced plastic surgeon in Mumbai, prioritizes patient safety. He strives to minimize complications through comprehensive pre-operative evaluation, careful surgical techniques, and post-operative monitoring and care.

    Do you have any questions?

    Success Rate of Male to Female Surgery

    • The success rate of male to female surgery in India depends on several factors, including the skill and experience of the surgeon, the patient’s overall health, and their adherence to pre and post-operative instructions. 
    • Generally, male to female bottom surgery has a higher success rate. Many individuals achieve their desired physical and emotional outcomes. 
    • However, it is essential to consult with a qualified surgeon specializing in transgender healthcare to discuss the specific success rates and potential results based on individual circumstances.

    Why Should You Choose Dr Vinod Vij for Male to Female Surgery in Mumbai?

    Dr. Vinod Vij’s exceptional skills and specialization in plastic surgery make him a standout choice for male-to-female conversion surgery in Mumbai. 

    With more than 26 years of experience, Dr Vij has honed his surgical techniques. He has developed a deep understanding of the unique needs and aspirations of transgender individuals

    His compassionate approach and dedication to staying abreast of the latest advancements in the field ensure that each patient receives personalized care and achieves the desired results. 

    Dr. Vinod Vij’s track record of successful procedures and satisfied patients speaks volumes about his expertise and commitment to delivering exceptional outcomes.

    Frequently Asked Questions

    Individual experiences may vary. But it is common for patients to experience some discomfort and pain after bottom surgery. However, pain management techniques can help minimize discomfort during and after the procedure.

    Male-to-female conversion surgery offers several physical and psychological benefits. It helps align one’s physical appearance with gender identity, enhancing self-confidence and overall well-being. Procedures such as breast augmentation, facial feminization, voice feminization, and genital reconstruction help individuals feel more comfortable and at peace with their bodies.

    No, bottom surgery prevents individuals from conceiving or carrying a pregnancy. The construction of female genitalia during male-to-female surgery does not include a functional uterus. However, individuals who desire to have children can explore options like adoption, surrogacy, or co-parenting.

    Male-to-female surgery typically involves removing the testes and constructing female genitalia. This may affect fertility as it eliminates sperm production.

    However, options like sperm banking and assisted reproductive techniques such as IVF can enable individuals to have biological children even after undergoing bottom surgery.

    Insurance coverage for transgender vaginoplasty can vary widely. Some insurance plans may cover the procedure, while others may not. It is essential to check with your insurance provider to understand what is covered under your plan.